Corsica is a French island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is located west of Italy, southeast of the French mainland, and north of the Italian island of Sardinia. Mountains comprise two-thirds of the island, forming a single chain. Corsica is one of the 27 régions of France, although strictly speaking Corsica is designated as a territorial collectivity by law. As a territorial collectivity, it enjoys greater powers than other French régions, but for the most part its status is quite similar. Corsica is referred to as a "région" in common speech, and is almost always listed among the other régions of France.
Although the island is separated from the continental mainland by the Ligurian Sea and is
closer to Italy than to the Frenchmainland, politically Corsica is part of Metropolitan France.
It was once briefly an independent Corsican Republic, untilbeing incorporated into France in
1769. Its culture has Frenchand Italian elements blended into it.
Napoléon Bonaparte was born in Ajaccio, the capital city of Corsica, where his ancestral home
Casa Buonaparte is also located. Corsica is also the birthplace of the singers
Tino Rossi and Alizée.
Corsica has been occupied continuously since the Mesolithic era. It acquired an indigenous population that was influential in the Mediterranean during its long prehistory.After a brief occupation by the Carthaginians, colonization by the ancient Greeks, and an only slightly
longer occupation by the Etruscans, it was incorporated by the Roman Republic and became
with Sardinia a province of the Roman Empire.
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